【NLP】Seq2Seq论文(RNN) 机器翻译

论文:《Learning Phrase Representations using RNN Encoder–Decoder for Statistical Machine Translation 》2014

使用 RNN Encoder-Decoder 学习短语表示以进行统计机器翻译

【参考:【NLP】Seq2Seq 翻译_myaijarvis的博客-CSDN博客

【参考:nlp-tutorial/Seq2Seq.py at master · graykode/nlp-tutorial

# code by Tae Hwan Jung(Jeff Jung) @graykode, modify by wmathor
import torch
import numpy as np
import torch.nn as nn
import torch.utils.data as Data

device = torch.device('cuda' if torch.cuda.is_available() else 'cpu')
# S: Symbol that shows starting of decoding input
# E: Symbol that shows starting of decoding output
# ?: Symbol that will fill in blank sequence if current batch data size is short than n_step

letter = [c for c in 'SE?abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz']
letter2idx = {n: i for i, n in enumerate(letter)}

seq_data = [['man', 'women'], ['black', 'white'], ['king', 'queen'], ['girl', 'boy'], ['up', 'down'], ['high', 'low']]

# Seq2Seq Parameter
n_step = max([max(len(i), len(j)) for i, j in seq_data])  # max_len(=5)
n_hidden = 128
n_class = len(letter2idx)  # classfication problem
batch_size = 3


def make_data(seq_data):
    enc_input_all, dec_input_all, dec_output_all = [], [], []

    for seq in seq_data:
        for i in range(2):
            seq[i] = seq[i] + '?' * (n_step - len(seq[i]))  # 'man??', 'women'

        enc_input = [letter2idx[n] for n in (seq[0] + 'E')]  # ['m', 'a', 'n', '?', '?', 'E']
        dec_input = [letter2idx[n] for n in ('S' + seq[1])]  # ['S', 'w', 'o', 'm', 'e', 'n']
        dec_output = [letter2idx[n] for n in (seq[1] + 'E')]  # ['w', 'o', 'm', 'e', 'n', 'E']

        enc_input_all.append(np.eye(n_class)[enc_input])
        dec_input_all.append(np.eye(n_class)[dec_input])
        dec_output_all.append(dec_output)  # not one-hot

    # make tensor
    return torch.Tensor(enc_input_all), torch.Tensor(dec_input_all), torch.LongTensor(dec_output_all)


'''
# n_step = seq_len
enc_input_all: [6, n_step+1 (because of 'E'), n_class]
dec_input_all: [6, n_step+1 (because of 'S'), n_class]
dec_output_all: [6, n_step+1 (because of 'E')]
'''
enc_input_all, dec_input_all, dec_output_all = make_data(seq_data)


class TranslateDataSet(Data.Dataset):
    def __init__(self, enc_input_all, dec_input_all, dec_output_all):
        self.enc_input_all = enc_input_all
        self.dec_input_all = dec_input_all
        self.dec_output_all = dec_output_all

    def __len__(self):  # return dataset size
        return len(self.enc_input_all)

    def __getitem__(self, idx):
        return self.enc_input_all[idx], self.dec_input_all[idx], self.dec_output_all[idx]


loader = Data.DataLoader(TranslateDataSet(enc_input_all, dec_input_all, dec_output_all), batch_size, True)


# Model
class Seq2Seq(nn.Module):
    def __init__(self):
        super(Seq2Seq, self).__init__()
        self.encoder = nn.RNN(input_size=n_class, hidden_size=n_hidden, dropout=0.5)  # encoder
        self.decoder = nn.RNN(input_size=n_class, hidden_size=n_hidden, dropout=0.5)  # decoder
        self.fc = nn.Linear(n_hidden, n_class)

    def forward(self, enc_input, enc_hidden, dec_input):
        # enc_input(=input_batch): [batch_size, n_step+1, n_class]
        # dec_input(=output_batch): [batch_size, n_step+1, n_class]
        # because of batch_size at 2 dim
        enc_input = enc_input.transpose(0, 1)  # enc_input: [n_step+1, batch_size, n_class]
        dec_input = dec_input.transpose(0, 1)  # dec_input: [n_step+1, batch_size, n_class]

        # h_t : [num_layers(=1) * num_directions(=1), batch_size, n_hidden]
        _, h_t = self.encoder(enc_input, enc_hidden)
        # outputs : [n_step+1, batch_size, num_directions(=1) * n_hidden(=128)]
        outputs, _ = self.decoder(dec_input, h_t)

        model = self.fc(outputs)  # model : [n_step+1, batch_size, n_class]
        return model


model = Seq2Seq().to(device)
criterion = nn.CrossEntropyLoss().to(device)
optimizer = torch.optim.Adam(model.parameters(), lr=0.001)

for epoch in range(5000):
    for enc_input_batch, dec_input_batch, dec_output_batch in loader:
        # make hidden shape [num_layers * num_directions, batch_size, n_hidden]
        h_0 = torch.zeros(1, batch_size, n_hidden).to(device)

        (enc_input_batch, dec_intput_batch, dec_output_batch) = (
            enc_input_batch.to(device), dec_input_batch.to(device), dec_output_batch.to(device))
        # enc_input_batch : [batch_size, n_step+1, n_class]
        # dec_intput_batch : [batch_size, n_step+1, n_class]
        # dec_output_batch : [batch_size, n_step+1], not one-hot
        pred = model(enc_input_batch, h_0, dec_intput_batch)
        # pred : [n_step+1, batch_size, n_class]
        pred = pred.transpose(0, 1)  # [batch_size, n_step+1(=6), n_class]
        loss = 0
        for i in range(len(dec_output_batch)):
            # pred[i] : [n_step+1, n_class]
            # dec_output_batch[i] : [n_step+1]
            loss += criterion(pred[i], dec_output_batch[i])
        if (epoch + 1) % 1000 == 0:
            print('Epoch:', '%04d' % (epoch + 1), 'cost =', '{:.6f}'.format(loss))

        optimizer.zero_grad()
        loss.backward()
        optimizer.step()
        
"""
计算loss 也可以用下面的方法
把pred -> [batch_size*seq_len,n_class]
dec_output_batch -> [batch_size*seq_len]
然后直接计算criterion
"""

# 这里只是做一个demo,正常情况下translate是先输入一个然后输出一个,再把输出的作为输入......直到......
# Test
def translate(word):
    enc_input, dec_input, _ = make_data([[word, '?' * n_step]])
    enc_input, dec_input = enc_input.to(device), dec_input.to(device)
    # make hidden shape [num_layers * num_directions, batch_size, n_hidden]
    hidden = torch.zeros(1, 1, n_hidden).to(device)
    output = model(enc_input, hidden, dec_input)
    # output : [n_step+1, batch_size, n_class]

    predict = output.data.max(2, keepdim=True)[1]  # select n_class dimension
    decoded = [letter[i] for i in predict]
    translated = ''.join(decoded[:decoded.index('E')])

    return translated.replace('?', '')


print('test')
print('man ->', translate('man'))
print('mans ->', translate('mans'))
print('king ->', translate('king'))
print('black ->', translate('black'))
print('up ->', translate('up'))

结果

Epoch: 1000 cost = 0.002190
Epoch: 1000 cost = 0.001981
Epoch: 2000 cost = 0.000451
Epoch: 2000 cost = 0.000435
Epoch: 3000 cost = 0.000134
Epoch: 3000 cost = 0.000138
Epoch: 4000 cost = 0.000047
Epoch: 4000 cost = 0.000046
Epoch: 5000 cost = 0.000015
Epoch: 5000 cost = 0.000018
test
man -> women
mans -> women
king -> queen
black -> white
up -> down

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